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What is a Sawing Machine?

The advanced machine used for cutting up bars of material or for cutting up shapes in plates of raw material is called a sawing machine. The sawing machine consists of cutting tools, including a metallic disk with teeth on its edges, flexible bands with teeth on one edge, thin grinding wheels or thin metal blades, etc. These cutting tools used in sawing machine can use any of three actions in the sawing process:

1.Friction-created melting

2.True cutting


It is widely used in different industries for jobs requiring a high degree of precision and efficiency in cutting. The concept of a sawing machine dates back to ancient times. However, according to data, the first mechanized sawing machine began to develop during the peak of industrial development in the late 18th century. Sawing machines work on the following general principle:

1. The blade equipped with teeth on its edge is set in motion with the help of an electric motor. Here, some other power source can also power it. The motion can be back-and-forth or continuous.

2. After that, the material that needs to be cut is positioned on a stable surface or clamped on the surface. Depending on the machine’s model, the material can either move through a stationary surface or be stationary with the blade.

3. As the blade starts moving, its teeth engage with the material (that needs to be cut), and the cutting process begins. The object is sheared away in small pieces or specific shapes. The pressure and speed applied can vary based on the material and desired precision of the cut.

4. Sawing machines are equipped with various controls to adjust the angle, speed, and depth of the cut. They also include safety features to protect the operators from injury, such as emergency stop functions and safety barriers that guard the blade.

What Are Important Terms for Understanding Sawing Machines?

Before explaining sawing machines in detail, it is important to understand some important terminologies related to sawing machines. A few important terms are listed hereunder:

1. Rake: It is the angle of the saw teeth compared to the cutting surface

2. Set: It is defined as the degree to which saw teeth are bent sideways away from the blade.

3. Gullet: It is the valley between two points.

4. Pitch: The distance between the tops of two adjacent teeth is called pitch.

5. Gage: The width of the blade of the saw is called a gage.

6. Kerf: The channel created by the saw in a targeted object (workpiece) is called a kerf. It is also the measure of its width.

What is the General Operation of a Sawing Machine?

As we know, a sawing machine is perfect for cutting raw material to specified sizes and lengths. In simple words, sawing machines are knives or industrial-strength saws specifically designed for heavy, repeated use and often have semi-automatic or fully automatic functions. Such advanced equipment requires a saw with a fine-toothed blade. As per the rule, at least three teeth should touch the material for efficient results.

If you want to cut irregular shapes, then a band saw machine is the perfect option for you. It is equipped with a narrow band of toothed metal. Similarly, wire sawing machines utilize diamond-encrusted wire to cut irregular or thick masonry or concrete shapes—for example, jetties, bridge sections, columns, or beams, etc. Furthermore, a wood sawing machine is used for cutting logs. A wood sawing machine can be a band saw, circular saw, or reciprocating saw.

A sawing machine can be bench or floor-mounted and operates at speeds of 3,900 rpm to 5,000 rpm. Options include a large footplate for stability and increased depth of cut. Sawing machines are equipped with side handles (can be left side or right side) for safety and operator control, lock-on buttons (these are important for extended cutting), a locking arbor (important for quick wheel changes), and a magazine loader. Abrasive discs are utilized in Abrasive sawing machines to cut hard material.

How Many Types of Sawing Machines Are There?

Sawing machines are of various types. They can be divided into electric power saws or hand saws. Among the different types of sawing machines available, hand saws are divided into numerous categories, which can be selected according to different requirements. Let’s discuss a few types of sawing machines in a bit of detail.

1. Hand Saw:

It is the basic saw. It is the most common and well-known saw available in the market. Everyone is well aware of this common design. It is generally used for cutting wood and other materials.

2. Circular Saw:

The type of saw that uses a solid disc blade made of metal with sharp teeth spun at high speeds to perform cutting operations is called a circular saw. It is ideal for cutting plastic, wood, and metals.

3. Vertical Panel Saw:

If you want to cut large panels of metal and material, including plywood and drywall, a vertical panel saw is doubtlessly the best tool for the job.

4.  Reciprocating Saw:

The type of saw that comes with sharp teeth and a long straight blade is called a reciprocating saw. The machine moves the blade back and forth in order to perform the sawing operation.

5. Coping Saw:

This type of saw has a narrow and thin blade that is mainly used for trimmering purposes. You can also get a large number of complex and precise scrolling units via this advanced saw.

6. Fret Saw:

The fret saw is equipped with a long and thin blade. It is useful for cutting deeper from the outer edge to achieve more complex cuts. It is a good option for cutting thin plywood or paneling. The blades are stationary in the fret saw.

7. Japanese Saw:

Last but not least is a Japanese saw. It consists of three types, including Dozuki, Kataba, and Ryoba. A Japanese saw comes with a thinner blade and is best for achieving precise shapes, which back saws cannot achieve. It is perfect for cutting hard materials, including hardwood and cork, with high precision.

8. Wallboard Saw:

This type of saw has fewer teeth and a wider blade. It is a short saw and is often double-edged. They are primarily used for paneling and cutting drywall.

9. Bow Saw:

Lastly, a bow saw is a larger, coarse-toothed blade stretched between the ends of a bow-shaped frame. It is typically used for cutting a variety of wood. For example, for trimming and pruning branches.

What Are the Applications of Sawing Machines?

Sawing machines are used in versatile applications in several industries and sectors. Why? Because of their ability to cut various materials with precision and efficiency. Some common applications of sawing machines are listed hereunder:

1. Metalworking Industry:

Sawing machines are widely used for cutting metal workpieces such as steel, aluminum, brass, and other alloys. They are used in manufacturing processes to create precise cuts for parts and components used in various industries. For example, automotive, aerospace, construction, and machinery manufacturing.

2. Woodworking Industry:

In the woodworking industry, saw machines are particularly used for lumber processing. Sawing machines are important for cutting timber and processing lumber. They are used in sawmills and woodworking shops to cut logs into boards, beams, planks, and other dimensional lumber for construction, furniture making, and crafting.

3. Construction and Building Trades:

Sawing machines play an important role in carpentry and joinery tasks. They are used to cut and shape wood for building frames, doors, windows, flooring, and other architectural elements.

4. Plastic and Composite Materials:

Doubtlessly, they are considered an important machine in manufacturing and fabrication departments. Sawing machines are used in the plastics industry to cut plastic sheets, pipes, profiles, and composite materials. Sawing machines of different types ensure precise cutting and shaping of plastic components that are used in packaging, automotive parts, electronics, and various consumer products.

5. Stone and Masonry Work:

In the stone and masonry industry, sawing machines are used to cut natural stone, marble, granite, and other hard materials. They are used in monument making, countertop fabrication, and architectural stone cutting for construction projects.

6. Metal Fabrication Workshops:

Sawing machines are important in metal fabrication workshops for cutting metal bars, tubes, and sections to precise lengths and angles. They are essential tools in producing structural components, frames, and supports used in infrastructure, machinery, and industrial equipment.

7. Automotive and Manufacturing:

Lastly, sawing machines are also used in the automotive industry and manufacturing sector. They are used to cut metal and plastic components for vehicles, machinery, and consumer goods production lines.

Best Supplier of Sawing Machine:

No doubt, sawing machines for sale are advanced equipment that is used in various industries for efficient and precise cutting of a variety of objects. If you are looking for a professional company from where you can buy highly efficient sawing machines, then look no further. Because we have got you.

TENGLI Spamold and Automation Technology Limited under the brand name Vescco is a professional enterprise that designs and manufactures a wide variety of products including the sawing machine. So what are you waiting for? Contact us today to get a quote!